RAC CLINICAL TRIALS & RESEARCH CENTER, INC. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. In 1978, Dr. William Paul created Women’s boxing on the amateur level at the University of Minnesota. At this time, he was working as a research technician at the University of Minnesota School of Medicine assisting in cancer research. While there, he became interested in and very concerned with the trauma women suffered while boxing. His concern was for the possibility of the development of breast cancer as a result of this trauma. A few years later at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, he met the women’s athletic director who introduced him to Dr. Lena June Stoner. A search spearheaded by William Paul yielded no information in the medical literature related to trauma and breast cancer. Dr. William Paul pulled together a research team to explore this possibility. It was proven conclusively that there was indeed an association but more research would need to be done. Now, over 30 years later, Dr. William Paul is still addressing these questions to evaluate the prevention of breast cancer related to breast trauma.

SURVEY INTRODUCTION: Thank you for taking the time to complete this Breast Trauma Survey which will take between 5 and 15 minutes depending on the completeness of your responses. Your valuable response will assist in determining the association between breast trauma and breast cancer. In the United States, breast cancer is the most common form of cancer to females, the second most common cause of cancer related death in women, and the main cause of death in women ages 40 to 59. Approximately one-half of breast cancer cases can be explained by known risk factors, such as age at menarche, first live birth, menopause, and proliferative breast disease. An additional 10 percent are associated with a positive family history. The lifetime probability of developing breast cancer is one in six overall (one in eight for invasive disease). Breast cancer kills. In order to show yet another risk factor for developing breast cancer, this survey is underway to gain beneficial information which you can assist with. Again, thank you for your valuable time.

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